This shouldn't surprise us, for venice in the late 16th and early 17th centuries - the period in which othello is set and when shakespeare wrote his play - was still home to people of a wide variety of cultural and ethnic backgrounds. Possibly locative, from loreo, 20 miles s of venice the final n marks this as a typical venetian name pietro loredan was a 15th century venetian nobleman and admiral . The palace belongs to his wife's family, the sullams, spanish jews who took refuge in venice after the expulsion from the iberian peninsula at the end of the 15th century. Life in the 1500s the 16th century was one of the most difficult periods in the one-thousand-year-old history of the venetian republic : the war against the league of cambray (1507-08) , the conquest of cyprus by the turks (1570-73) and the plague (1575-76. T he jews in italy have strong bi-cultural roots which go back even before the birth of christ, when the jews already had an alliance with the roman empire under the leadership of judah maccabeus, many israelites left the land of israel to go to the eternal city (rome) in the second century bce.
After the italian turrmoil of the early 16th century, venice entered a long and gradual period of decline losings its political will, venice found the new role which it enjoyed ever since- as a. The poorest jews remained in the ghetto, but many others left for other parts of the city, where they integrated, buying palaces on the grand canal and taking part in political life. Fantasies about jews arose in northern europe that foreshadowed the anti-semitism of the 20th century it was alleged 7 that jews had horns and tails and engaged in ritual murder of christians.
16th century in our progression century by century through church history, we come to the tumultuous 16th century and the explosive influence of the reformation a couple of years ago in preparing our christian history institute video curriculum reformation overview i was privileged to visit all the major reformation locations where the. In the 16th century, jews were discriminated against especially in england and venice christians believed that the jewish race was inferior to them and that jews should not be accepted into their society. - life in the 16th century had many aspects that determined life experiences gender roles, social status, and religion played major roles in what type of life people would encounter to start with, gender roles in the 16th century took part in a vital role in life experiences. Title card: intolerance of the jews was a fact of 16th century life even in venice, the most powerful and liberal city state in europe title card : by law the jews were forced to live in the old walled foundry or 'geto' area of the city.
This shows that jews in venice during the 16th century are openly discriminated against from the above examples, we can see that jews in venice during the 16th century are believed to be inferior and should not be accepted into their society. Jewish life was severely affected in the beginning of the 16th century by the establishment of ghettos in which jews were required to reside an important exception to this restriction was the total freedom given by medicis to jews who moved to leghorn (see bibliography . The midwife of venice is about hannah levi, a jewish midwife in 1500s venice she breaks the law by delivering a christian baby after the child's father, a nobleman, begs her to do so at the same time, her husband has been kidnapped and is being held as a slave on the island of malta. A plaque in the square honors the 250 jews who were taken from venice to auschwitz during world war ii, never to return only about 500 jews live in venice today, and just a few in the old ghetto.
Although nominally restricted to the ghetto, the jews lived in general throughout the city, and in the sixteenth century, when the vice of gambling raged in venice, the ghetto also was infected, while jews and christians often played together. But it is only during the 16th century that references to jews appear in large territories of ukraine, belarus and lithuania, and even in the mid-16th century local communities were not populous. Introduction apart from mentions of single jews in the high middle ages, the history of jewish communities in venice and in many places of the veneto began not before the renaissance with a flow of ashkenazic refugees escaping pogroms and expulsions in german lands during and after the plague.
One particular myth that lived on into the 16th century was the supposed jewish practice of ritual murder, where jews would kidnap christian children on easter and use their blood in ceremonies around the jewish holiday of passover. Venice, italian venezia, city, major seaport, and capital of both the provincia (province) of venezia and the regione (region) of veneto, northern italyan island city, it was once the centre of a maritime republic. Jews in 16th-century england practised their religion secretly, and many of those raised in the jewish faith either converted to christianity or pretended to have done so james shapiro considers elizabethan prejudices and paranoia about jews, putting shakespeare's shylock in context. 1638 — simone luzzato, rabbi in venice for 57 years, writes essay on the jews in venice, the first apologetic work urging toleration of the jews through use of economic arguments he argues for better treatment of italian jewry based on their economic usefulness, diligence, faithfulness, and antiquity.
By the end of the 16th century, venice was known across europe for its irresistibly catchy music and 12,000 registered prostitutes but when napoleon arrived in 1797, venice had been reduced by plague and circumstances to less than 100,000 people, and venetian reputations as fierce partiers did nothing to prevent the french and austrians from. The merchant of venice is a 16th-century play written by william shakespeare in which a merchant in venice must default on a large loan provided by a jewish moneylender, shylock. Through unflattering descriptions of 16th century venice, the author depicts the grave disparities between the wealthy upper class and the starving poor, the streets and canals littered with rot and filth, and the segregation of the jewish population from the rest of venice, with the ghetto and the jews' required signature clothing. Venice later gave safe passage to a second group of immigrants, the marranos, spanish and portuguese jews who had initially remained in their countries during the inquisition and had been forcibly converted to christianity.