Teaching about native american religion is a challenging task to tackle with students at any level, if only because the indian systems of belief and ritual were as legion as the tribes inhabiting north america so let's begin by trimming down that bewildering variety to manageable proportions with. Witchcraft in early north america introduces different beliefs and practices of witchcraft of europeans before colonization, native americans after colonization, the spanish of new mexico, and the british colonies. Salem witch trials 1692-1693 an infamous episode in american history, the salem witch trials of 1692 resulted in the execution by hanging of fourteen women and five men accused of being witches. Colonial north america colonizing the bay this lesson focuses on john winthrop's historic model of christian charity sermon which is often referred to by its city on a hill metaphor.
As an historian of early modern europe dr robisheaux has particular interests in social and cultural history, german-speaking central europe, renaissance culture, religious reform, popular religion and culture, and microhistory. Druga gimnazija sarajevo ib world school middle years programme history reformation in europe in 16th century ----- witchcraft word count 1138 sarajevo, october 2012 action plan for this essay i choose to write about witchcraft in the 16th and 17th century since i find the topic extremely interesting the write about. Salem witch trials salem witch trials, illustration from pioneers in the settlement of america by william a crafts, 1876 on june 2 bridget bishop—who had been accused and found innocent of witchery some 12 years earlier—was the first of the defendants to be convicted. Historically, women in colonial north america and the united states have been deeply influenced by their religious traditions even though world religions like judaism, christianity, buddhism, hinduism, and islam are based on scriptural traditions that portray women as subordinate to men, women have made up the majority of most religious groups in america.
A witch-hunt or witch purge is a search for people labelled witches or evidence of witchcraft, often involving moral panic or mass hysteria the classical period of witch-hunts in early modern europe and colonial north america took place in the early modern period or about 1450 to 1750, spanning the upheavals of the reformation and the thirty. Sociological explanations of the salem witch trials, and of witch-hunts in the west more generally, have focused on economic transition, political instability, and the functional aspects of witchcraft belief a more interpretive approach to the explanation of salem is proposed: an analysis of the. Gender roles in colonial america hartman 1 during the late seventeenth & early eighteenth century in colonial & english america, the roles men expected of women followed a strict guideline. Witgen, an infinity of nations: how the native new world shaped early north america (pb 2013, eb 2011) zabin, dangerous economies: status and commerce in imperial new york (pb 2011, eb 2011) zagarri, revolutionary backlash: women and politics in the early american republic (pb 2008, eb 2011.
Witchcraft in early north america - the thought of magic, witches, and sorcery to be fact is seen as preposterous in modern america coincidence is accepted as such and accusations of possession and bewitchment is extinct. Witchcraft in early north america investigates european, african, and indian witchcraft beliefs and their expression in colonial america alison games's engaging book takes us beyond the infamous outbreak at salem, massachusetts, to look at how witchcraft was a central feature of colonial societies in north america. Estimates made of the number of wiccans in the us, in 1972 to 1998 part 1 of seven parts a wiccan priestess performing a ritual some estimates: wicca is a neopagan religion that was partly based on elements of the ancient celtic religion. In early modern europe witchcraft was considered a crime due to people of this time period being very superstitious during this time period witchcraft lead to the invention of such things as devils and monsters. Only about 400,000 of them ended up in north america, the great majority arriving after 1700 most of the early human cargoes were hauled to spanish and portuguese south america or west indies africans had been brought to jamestown as early as 1619, but as late as 1670, they numbered only about 2,000 in virginia and about 7 percent of the.
Early modern europe and its north american colonies were replete with a belief in the reality of magic and witchcraftbelief in the witch, an individual who practiced malevolent magic, was not new to modern europe. Witchcraft of some sort has probably existed since humans first banded together in groups simple sorcery (or the use of magic accessible to ordinary people), such as setting out offerings to helpful spirits or using charms, can be found in almost all traditional societies. More essay examples on witchcraft rubric witchcraft refers to the use of some type of magical or supernatural powers with an intention of causing pain or damage to members of a society or on their possessions - historiography of witchcraft in europe and colonial america essay introduction. In western europe and in north america, however, there were witch hunts in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in which thousands of people accused of witchcraft were executed after a legal trial. Part of the american controversies series, which features works with introductory essays and pertinent primary sources, witchcraft in early north america focuses on the interaction of witchcraft beliefs between the spanish, the french, and the english colonists and native americans and africans in north america.
Web resources salem witchcraft trials includes primary sources--documents and images--relating to the trials of 1692 and an informative introductory essay that recounts events in salem at the time of the trials. Ing witches men served satan by blurring the otherwise clear division between humans and beasts in the following extended excerpt from his essay examining all of colonial. Witchcraft in early north america combines an innovative approach to exploring the enmeshed histories of european, african, and native american people in the early modern world with an important analysis of the deep and wide histories of witchcraft beliefs and practices across north america.
Hanged, she is acknowledged as the first person executed as a witch in north america the salem witchcraft papers 1977, robbins, russell hope. Witchcraft, the exercise or invocation of alleged supernatural powers to control people or events, practices typically involving sorcery or magicalthough defined differently in disparate historical and cultural contexts, witchcraft has often been seen, especially in the west, as the work of crones who meet secretly at night, indulge in cannibalism and orgiastic rites with the devil, and. The same terms, witch and witchcraft, often refer to wiccans and wicca in north america and throughout much of the world wiccan's main rule of behavior is called the wiccan rede wiccan's main rule of behavior is called the wiccan rede. North america at mid-century as compared to europe, colonies were diverse, prosperous, and offered many liberties this site and the materials contained herein ©2010 ww norton and company, inc , unless otherwise stated.
Salem witch trials march 1, 1692 in salem, massachusetts, in 1692, many people believed in and feared witchcraft consequently, when two young girls fell into trances and had seizures that doctors could not explain, many people in the town said witchcraft was to blame.